Aranchii Architects

Computational | Algorithmic Architecture

Unit E. Adaptive Modular Architectural System for living and working

unit e adaptive modular architectural system

Unit E is an adaptive modular architectural system designed to create living and office spaces capable of reconfiguration (volume and planning change). Suitable for rapid installation and fulfilling instant needs of housing and office spaces.

NAME: Unit E [Юніт І]
LOCATION: anywhere
AREA: appx. 9*n m2 [n = 1..∞]
PROGRAMME: Adaptive modular architectural system for living and working

ARCHITECTURE: Aranchii Architects
DESIGN: Dmytro Aranchii
PROJECT TEAM: Ihor Kishta, Anhelina Hladushevska, Yevhen Kravchenko, Iryna Hrebeneva, Mariia Oskina 

architectural modular units for refugees


The architectural system Unit E is essentially a universal design system with identical interchangeable units.
The adaptive system can be used for many types of buildings, in particular for the most common – as living and working space.

unit e housing, working architecture units
contemporary architecture - adaptive autonomous unit
computational design - modular adaptive system

Its advantages are modularity (universality/interchangeability), evolution, reconfigurability (flexibility, adaptability, variability), mobility, autonomy, sustainability (environmental friendliness, energy efficiency), readiness for use and artificial intelligence.

system features: autonomous, adaptive, mobile, sustainable
unit structure: frame, envelope, insulation


Unit E is a system of cubic configuration modules that can be clustered together – a variety of spatial planning taxonomies. The identity of the modules ensures maximum unification of production and interchangeability of both the modules themselves and their components – the frame and enclosing surfaces. The geometry of the modules also contributes to the universal clustering of modular spaces both in the plane and vertically, which makes it possible to achieve an infinite number of architectural types/topologies and use them for many functions and needs.

universal constructor - interchangeable replaceble modules


The use and evolution of the system (in the traditional sense – buildings) starting with a small number of modules is possible. For example, like the number of modules, the system may grow as the family, or the business grows. The same applies to housing for temporarily displaced people. Theoretically, the size of the system is unlimited. If modules are no longer needed, the system can be evolutionarily reduced, and units can be used in other clusters/buildings.

units reconfigurability: variety of clusters


Thanks to its modularity, the Unite E architectural system is flexible and able to adapt geometrically and spatially to needs. Therefore, even without changing the number of units in the cluster, the system provides the ability to reconfigure, providing variability in behavioural scenarios and functional planning as needed.

unit e office cluster of 4 units
modular architecture office units clustering
adaptive architecture - cluster of cubic units
evolution sets of architectural units


The mobility of Unit E is the ability to change the location by transporting units through the use of non-capital screw-pile foundations. Moving allows units to appear and be installed in unexpected places and off the grid. For example, on the roof of a high-rise building or surrounded by nature, for instance, in the mountains.

modular architecture: mobility, off-the-grid location


Mobility is also based on autonomy. After all, the provided partial or complete independence from networks allows virtually arbitrary geographical location of system modules.

modular architecture render in nature


The principles of sustainable development are using materials that meet the ecological concept of “cradle-to-cradle”. To maintain multi comfort, UnitE provides energy-saving equipment: heat pump for heating/cooling and recuperative ventilation to keep clean air and prevent heat loss. The enclosing surface helps to protect against thermal bridges and seal a massive layer of insulation. The use of energy-efficient multiple-glazed windows is also envisaged.

modular architecture interior - office space
modular architecture - office interior


Unit E is designed on the principle of “take and use”. It is ready for use, fully furnished, equipped and ready to use.

unit e interior: modular adaptive architecture


In addition to intelligent climate control and energy efficiency/savings, Unit E will be accompanied by an application that is a custom building designer for a user with hints of new elements and online calculation of possible configurations to select the optimal not only from planning but also energy-efficient clusters.

cluster of reconfigurable units: modular architecture


Obviously, some technical and intellectual characteristics are an option without which Unit E will still have sufficient energy efficiency and serve its primary function – a comfortable use, maximum needs for a minimalist lifestyle, and work as a permanent yet highly adaptive and mobile space.

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